I was asked to clarify some of calendar vocabulary. Here is something to start:
Tithi = day
Paksa = fortnight. Two paksas form a lunar month
Krishna Paksha = The dark lunar fortnight or waning moon. It’ the period of 15 days beginning on the full moon day (Purnima) and culminating on new moon day (Amavasya).
Shukla Paksha = the period beginning with a new moon (Amavasya) and ending in a full moon (purnima).
Naksatra = the point when the moon is situated in any given moment. There are 27 Naksatra in a month
Yoga = each one of the 27 division based on the ecliptic longitude of the Sun and the Moon.
Vasara = Ravi, Soma, Mangala, Budha, Guru, Sukra and Sani, respectively meaning, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday etc.
Parana = time for breaking Ekadasi fasting
Pratipat, Dvitiya, Tritiya etc up to Caturdasi, meaning one, two, three etc up to fourteen.
Sankranti = the position of the Sun respect to the various zones, or areas (zodiac), of the ecliptic.
Masa = Month
Gaurabda = age of Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Amavasya = new moon
Purnina = full moon
I hope this calendar ABC was of some clarification.
– Manonatha Dasa (ACBSP)
27 nov 2018
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