The great Sankirtan Movement of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu is a great gift to the world and a very rare event. Many take it for granted without realizing how rare Lord Caitanya’s appearance actually is as He comes once in every day and night of Brahmā. That is once every 1,000th Kali-yuga in the cycle of Maha Yugas.
There are 4 Yugas to a Maha Yuga. Lord Caitanya appears ”once” in a Kali-yuga with His Sankirtan Movement out of every one thousand Maha yugas that take 12 hours of Brahma, during the day which is 4 billion 320 million human years.
There are 4,320,000 human years in a Maha Yuga; multiply that by 1,000 (that equals 4 billion 320 million years) then add another 4 billion 320 million years for Brahma’s night of part universal annihilation when he rests, and there is no creation of Yugas during that time of night.
Therefore we can understand that Lord Caitanya’s appearance is very rare as He comes ”once” over that enormous period of time of 8 billion 640 million years, which is a ”day and night” of Brahma.
Krishna also comes once every 1,000 Maha yugas, which is a day of Brahma and including Brahma’s night of sleeping, called the ‘Night of Brahma’. That ”sleeping time of Brahma” at night is also 4 billion 320 million years, and together with the day-time equals 8 billion 640 million years.
Also Lord Krishna appears as His original body just ”once” at the end of every 1,000th Dvarpara-yuga, just before Lord Caitanya’s appearance in the 1,000th Kali-yuga.
In this rare Kali-yuga there is a 10,000 year Golden Age of the Sankirtan Movement of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, or the congregational chanting of the Hare Krishna Maha mantra. The previous 999 Kali-yugas had no Lord Caitanya or Golden Age of Sankirtan.
Lord Kṛṣṇa Himself in His original blackish color does not appear in all the Dvāpara-yugas in a day of Brahma either.
Caitanya-caritamrta Madhya 20.337:
“In Dvāpara-yuga the Personality of Godhead appears in a blackish hue. He is dressed in yellow, He holds His own weapons, and He is decorated with the Kaustubha jewel and the mark of Śrīvatsa. That is how His symptoms are described.”
This is a quotation from Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (SB 11.5.27). The śyāma color is not exactly blackish. Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura compares it to the color of the atasī flower.”
It is not that Lord Kṛṣṇa Himself appears in a blackish color in all the Dvāpara-yugas. In other Dvāpara-yugas, previous to Lord Kṛṣṇa’s appearance, the Supreme Lord appeared in a greenish body by His own personal expansion. This is mentioned in the Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Hari-vaṁśa and Mahābhārata. Some references in sastra also say 8 billion 640 billion while in other places it says 8 billion 600 million, for example.
Bhagavad-gita As It Is – Preface by Srila Prabhupada:
”Our only purpose is to present this Bhagavad-gītā As It Is in order to guide the conditioned student to the same purpose for which Kṛṣṇa descends to this planet once in a day of Brahmā, or every 8,600,000,000 years”.
Caitanya-caritamrta Adi 3.10, Purport:
“Now is the term of Vaivasvata Manu, during which Lord Caitanya appears. First Lord Kṛṣṇa appears at the close of the Dvāpara-yuga of the twenty-eighth divya-yuga, and then Lord Caitanya appears in the Kali-yuga of the same divya-yuga. Lord Kṛṣṇa and Lord Caitanya appear once in each day of Brahmā, or once in fourteen manv-antaras, each of seventy-one divya-yugas in duration.
From the beginning of Brahmā’s day of 4,320,000,000 years, six Manus appear and disappear before Lord Kṛṣṇa appears. Thus 1,975,320,000 years of the day of Brahmā elapse before the appearance of Lord Kṛṣṇa. This is an astronomical calculation according to solar years.”
Note – There is also 4,320,000,000 years in Brahma’ inactive sleeping night where there are no cycle of yugas, so a ”night and day” together is 8,640,000,000 earth years.
Sometimes one will notice figures in some Purports are a little different from others. For example, here a day and night of Brahma is 8 billion 640 million wher as in the Preface of Bhagavad-gita it says 8 billion 600 million.
Renunciation Through Wisdom 4.5:
“The undifferentiated Absolute Truth, the original Supreme Personality, Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, incarnates in this material world once in every day of Lord Brahmā—that is once every 8,640,000,000 solar years—to shower His mercy upon both His surrendered devotees and the atheistic nondevotees. He protects His devotees and slays the atheistic demons, thus giving the latter troublesome release, so to speak, in impersonal liberation.”
Lecture on SB 6.1.3 – Melbourne, May 22, 1975:
Prabhupāda: Oh. Anyway, I give you the right figure, four million, according to American or English calculation, (laughter) 4,300,000 years and multiply it by one thousand. Then what it comes according to English calculation?
Prabhupāda: That is twelve hours. And add again twelve hours, night. Then eight billion…?
Prabhupāda: So Kṛṣṇa comes after this period. (laughter) In one day, after one day of Brahma, He appears.
Devotee: Śrīla Prabhupāda, does Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu also appear every day of Brahma?
Prabhupāda: Yes, following Kṛṣṇa. Kṛṣṇa comes in the Dvāpara-yuga. There are four periods of each yuga: Sattva, Tretā, Dvāpara,
Kali. So Kṛṣṇa comes at the end of Dvāpara-yuga, and Caitanya Mahāprabhu comes in the Kali-yuga.
So if one does the math, there are 1,000 Maha-yugas in a day of Brahma, that equals 4 billion 320 million, and there is another 4 billion 320 million years in a night of Brahma where he sleeps and creates no cycle of yugas, adding up to 8 billion 640 million years.
There are 4,320,000 human years in a Maha Yuga. Multiply that by 1,000 Maha yugas that all happen in Brahma’s day-time (that equals 4 billion 320 million years) then add another 4 billion 320 million years for Brahma’s night, where no yugas are created and you will see that Lord Caitanya’s appearance in ”ONE” day and night or 24 hour period of Brahma’s time is very rare.
Post view 554 times