False Renunciation is Prohibited

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False renunciation is prohibited. In Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu it is written:

prapancikataya buddhya


mumuksubhih parityago

vairagyam phalgu kathyate

When someone is anxious to achieve liberation and renounces things related to the Supreme Personality of God as material, that renouncement is called phalgu, or incomplete.

Those who have qualified to chant the holy name forsake all fruitive activities. In Srimad Bhagavatam (11.5.41) it is written:

devarsi-bhutapta-nrnam pitrinam

na kinkaro nayam rni ca rajan

sarvatmana yah saranam saranyam

gato mukundam parihrtya kartam

Whoever has renounced his material duties and has taken full refuge at the lotus feet of Mukunda, the refuge of all, is not in debt with the demigods, with the great sages, with ordinary living beings, with relatives, with the friends, with humanity, or even with one’s ancestors.

According to the Padma Purana, one must abandon the niyamagrahah and follow the essence of the niyama.

smartavyah satatam visnur

vismartavyo na jatucit

sarve vidhi-nisedhah syur

etayor eva kinkarah

Visnu, who is Krishna, should always be remembered, at all times, and never forgotten. All the rules and prohibitions mentioned in the sastras should serve these principles.

One should refrain from purification related to karma and jnana. The Padma Purana makes the following statements:

harer apy aparadhan yah kuryad dvi-pada-pam salah

namasrayah kadacit syat taraty eva sa namatah

namno ‘pi sarva-suhrdo hy aparadhat pataty adhah

namaparadha-yuktanam namany eva haranty-agham

avisranta prayuktani tany evarthakarani ca

The lower human beings who commit offenses at Sri Hari’s lotus feet will certainly be able to cross the material ocean if they somehow take refuge in the holy name. On the contrary, those who commit offenses against the holy name, which is the benefactor of all, will surely fall. They can get rid of their offenses only by continuing to chant the holy name. In fact, it is possible to achieve all kinds of perfection with continuous chanting.

One should try to acquire knowledge of both, of Krishna and of ourselves. First acquire knowledge of Krishna’s form, attributes and then pastimes, as stated in the Catuh-sloki Bhagavatam, beginning with (2.9.33):

aham evasam evagre

nanyad yat sad-asat param

pascad aham yad etac ca

yo ‘vasisyeta so’ smy aham

Brahma, I am the Personality of God that existed before creation, when nothing but Me existed. Not even material nature was the cause of this creation. Who you see now is Me, the Personality of God, and after the annihilation I will remain alone, the Personality of God.

Sri Krishna, the personification of absolute truth, is eternal and ever existing. All other manifestations, spiritual and material, are the result of His varied energies. Sri Krishna, who is like a transcendental sun, remains as eternal truth after universal destruction. This is the basis of the philosophy of acintya bhedabheda tattva.

Knowledge regarding the form of maya-sakti and jiva-sakti is found in Srimad Bhagavatam (2.9.34):

rte ‘rtham yat pratiyeta

na pratiyeta catmani

tad vidyad atmano mayam

yathabhaso yatha tamah

O Brahma, anything that seems to have value, if it is not related to Me it is not real. Know that it is my illusory energy, that reflection that appears in the darkness.


This is a section of the book “Bhajana Rahasya”, by Bhaktivinode Thakura.

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