Sanjaya

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A minister of Dhrtarastra.

 

Birth.
Sanjaya, who was equal to a hermit, was born as the son of Suta from a portion of Gavalgana.
(Adi Parva, Chapter 68, Verse 93).

 

The boon of Sanjaya.
Sanjaya who was born within the circle of the friends of the Kuravas, became the minister of Dhrtarastra. The great work that #Sanjaya did in Mahabharata was telling Dhrtarastra every thing that was taking place in the battle-field without leaving even the smallest events in the order of their occurrence. Sanjaya was able to do this because of the boon granted by Vyasa.

When the armies of the Kauravas and the Pandavas pitched their camps on either side of the battlefield, Vedavyasa came to Hastinapura and saw Dhrtarastra. Dhrtarastra heard about the preparations on either side
for the battle. He did not like to go to the battle-field and see for himself the events of the battle. He said so to Vyasa.

Then Vyasa called Sanjaya to him and said
“Sanjaya shall see all the events of the battle directly. He shall have such a divine inward eye.”
Vyasa continued.
“O king ! Sanjaya has inward eyes. He will tell you everything about the battle. He will be knowing all. Whenever he thinks of it he will see everything that takes place in the day and in the night in open, and in secret. No weapon will cut him and no weariness I will affect him. He is the son of Gavalgana and will come away unhurt from the battle.”

Because of this blessing Sanjaya used to inform Dhrtarastra of all the events in the battle at the time of the occurrence. Sanjaya informed Dhrtarastra of the news up to the death of Duryodhana. When Duryodhana was killed the cry of Asvatthama grew louder. Sanjaya who heard this cry early in the morning, ran to the battlefield with a broken heart. With the death of Duryodhana the boon of inward eye given to Sanjaya by Vyasa was lost.
(Maha-bharata Bhisma Parva, Chapter 2; Sauptika Parva, Chapter 9).

 

Other details.
Sanjaya stood as the host in the Rajasuya sacrifice of Yudhisfhira, and received the guests and showed them hospitality.
(Maha-bharata Sabha Parva, Chapter 35, Verse 6).
When the Pandavas were defeated in the game of dice and were sent to the forest Sanjaya came to Dhrtarastra and reviled him.
(Sabha Parva, Chapter 81, Verse 5).

Vidura got angry because the Pandavas were sent to live in the forest, and leaving the Kauravas he also went to the forest. Knowing that Vidura was in the Kamyaka forest, Dhrtarastra sent Sanjaya and brought Vidura back.
(Maha-bharata Vana Parva, Chapter 6, Verse 5).

Sri Krsna and the others vowed at the Kamyaka-vana to kill Duryodhana. Sanjaya gave Dhrtarastra a detailed description of that Vow.
(Maha-bharata Vana Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 15).

Dhrtarastra sent Sanjaya to leam about the wel¬fare of the Pandavas who had returned after complet¬ing the forest life and pseudonymity.
(Maha-bharata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 23, Verse 1).

Sanjaya went to the court of the Pandavas and gave the message of Dhrtarastra to them. (Maha-bharata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 25).

Sanjaya who had returned from the court of the Pandavas, informed Dhrtarastra of the news and reproached him much.
(Maha-bharata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 32, Versell).

Sanjaya repeated the message of Arjuna in the court of the Kauravas. (M.B. Udyoga Parva, Chapter 48).

Sanjaya told Dhrtarastra, who the prominent helpers of Yudhisthira, were. (M.B. Udyoga Parva, Chapter 50).

Sanjaya advised Dhrtarastra to put Duryodhana under control. (M.B. Udyoga Parva, Chapter 54).

Sanjaya gave Duryodhana a description of the horses and the chariots of the Pandavas. (M.B. Udyoga Parva, Chapter 56, Verse 7).

Sanjaya repeated the message of Arjuna to Dhrtarastra. (M.B. Udyoga Parva, Chapter 66).

Sanjaya described to Dhrtarastra the greatness of Sri Krsna. (M.B. Udyoga Parva, Chapters 68-70).

Sanjaya told Dhrtarastra the fact that the Pandavas and the Kauravas had pitched their tents in the battlefield of Kuruksetra. (M.B. Udyoga Parva, Chapter 159, Verse 8).

At this time Vyasa came there and gave Sanjaya the boon that he would see directly every thing that took place in the battlefield and would inform Dhrtarastra. (M.B. Bhisma Parva, Chapter 2, Verse 10).

Sanjaya informed Dhrtarastra of the good qualities of the earth, the island of Sudarsana, the death of Bhisma, and so on. (M.B. Bhisma Parva; Drona Parva).

Sanjaya gave the names of every one who was killed on the side of the Kauravas. (M.B. Kama Parva, Chapter 5).

(xviii) Sanjaya reported to Dhrtarastra about those who died on the side of the Pandavas also. (Kama, Parva, Chapter 6).

Sanjaya told Dhrtarastra about those who were alive on the side of the Kauravas. (Karna Parva, Chapter 7).

Satyaki took Sanjaya as a captive. (Salya Parva, Chapter 25, Verse 57).

Due to the blessings of Vyasa Sanjaya escaped from the captivity of Satyaki. (Salya Parva, Chapter 27, Verse 39).

Sanjaya consoled Dhrtarastra. (M.B. Stri Parva, Chapter 1, Verse 23).

(xxiii) Yudhisthira entrusted Sanjaya with the duty of post-war-reconstructions. (M.B. Santi Parva, Chapter 41, Verse 11).

Towards the close of his life Sanjaya went with Dhrtarastra and Gandhari to the forest. (Asramavasika Parva, Chapter 15, Verse 8).

On the first day of this journey to the forest, they reached the basin of the river Ganges. On that day Sanjaya made the bed for Dhrtarastra. (Asramavasika Parva, Chapter 18, Verse 19).

Sanjaya introduced the wives of the Pandavas to the hermits. (Asramavasika Parva, Chapter 25).

(xxvii) On reaching the forest Sanjaya observed complete fast for two days. (Asramavasika Parva, Chapter 37, Verse 13).

(xxviii) Sanjaya always walked close behind Dhrta¬rastra and in places of ups and downs he led the King by the hand. (Asramavasika Parva, Chapter 37, Verse 16).

The End. While Dhrtarastra and the others were walking along the forest a jungle-fire was seen. Instant¬ly it encircled them. Dhrtarastra cried out to Sanjaya to run for his life. But Sanjaya did not like to forsake them in that danger. Dhrtarastra said that since they had left home and country there was no wrong in dying by jungle fire. At last yielding to the compulsion of Dhrtarastra, Sanjaya ran away from the jungle-fire. Dhrtarastra, Gandhari and Kunti died in the wild-fire.
Sanjaya reached the basin of the Ganges and informed the hermits of the death of Dhrtarastra and the others, and then went to the Himalayas.
(Maha-bharata Asramavasika, Chapter 37, Verse 19).

 

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