Explanation of the Guru Daksina article

Ayoda-dhaumya had three disciples, Upamanyu, Aruni and Veda. The revered spiritual master used to often treat his disciples quite harshly.

When Veda had his own disciples, he did not want to do the same with them and he behaved like a loving teacher.

One of his students was Uttanka. When his period of studies was finished, Uttanka asked his spiritual teacher what he wanted as Guru Daksina, but Veda did not seem keen of asking anything. So Uttanka said:

“He who bestows instructions but do not receive daksina, and he who receives instructions without giving daksina, in both cases either of them dies and bitter enmity is created between them.”

This was like a curse, obliging all Gurus and disciples to ask and to give daksina in the suitable moments, like initiation, end of the period in Gurukula and so on.

This much longer story is found in the Maha-bharata, Adi Parva, Pausya Parva.

Comments are closed.