Be it so

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#astu, #evam, #nanu, #be it so


astu (3. sg. Imper.) , let it be, be it so View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
evam ind. (fr. pronominal base e ;probably connected with 1. ev/a), thus, in this way, in such a manner, such, (it is not found in the oldest hymns of the veda, where its place is taken by 1. ev/a,but occurs in later hymns ind. in the brāhmaṇas, especially in connection with vid,”to know”, and its derivatives[ exempli gratia, ‘for example’ ya evaṃ veda,he who knows so; see evaṃv/id, column 3];in classical Sanskrit evamoccurs very frequently, especially in connection with the roots vac,”to speak”, and śru,”to hear”, and refers to what precedes as well as to what follows[ exempli gratia, ‘for example’evam uktvā,having so said; evam evaitat,this is so; evam astuor evam bhavatu,be it so, I assent; asty evam,it is so; yady evam,if this be so; kim evam,how so? what is the meaning of it? what does this refer to? maivam,not so! evamyathāor yathāevam,so – as]) etc.



nanu ind. (2. n/a+ nu) not, not at all, never ; (interr.) not? is it not? = nonne etc. etc. (hence often =) certainly, surely, indeed, no doubt (especially in questions amounting to an affirmation exempli gratia, ‘for example’ nanv ahaṃ te priyaḥ,am I not your friend id est certainly I am your friend [so also na ca,there can be no doubt ],or to a request exempli gratia, ‘for example’ nanu gacchāmi bhoḥ,surely I may go , and even as a responsive particle exempli gratia, ‘for example’ akārṣīḥ kaṭamnanu karomi bhoḥ,indeed I have made it ;with another interr. or an imperative = pray, please exempli gratia, ‘for example’ nanu ko bhavān,pray who are you? ; nanūcyatām,please tell ;in argument often as an inceptive particle implying doubt or objection,”now it may be said, well, but then”etc., especially in nanv astu,or nanu mā bhūttathāpi,well, be it so or not so-nevertheless) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.

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