Caturmasya

posted in: Area2, Español

2016-07-20 Caturmasya – I libro2

domanda madhavendra

———- Forwarded message ———-
From: Madhavendra Puri Dasa . <madhavendrapuridasa@gmail.com>
Date: 2016-07-19 11:02 GMT-04:00
Subject: Caturmasya
To: Manonatha Dasa <manonatha@gmail.com>

Hare Krishna Guru Maharaja, por favor acepte mis reverencias, todas las glorias a Srila Prabhupada.

Por favor Guru Maharaj podria explicar en que consiste Caturmasya y Srila Prabhupada que nos indica que debemos hacer acerca este tiempo.

Muchas gracias.

Su sirviente.

Madhavendra Puri Dasa.

risposta

Querido Madhavendra Puri,
Por favor reciba mis bendiciones. Todas las glorias sean para Srila Prabhupada.

Le daro solo una gota de la grande cuantidad de informaciones que se deberian saber sobre de Caturmasya.

Caturmasya se traduce como “cuatro meses” (catur = cuatro; masa = mes). Esto es el periodo durante el cual Sri Visnu entra en Su sueno mistico.

Empieza en el dia de Sayana Ekadasi y termina durante el mese de Kartika en el dia de Utthana Ekadasi (tambien conoscido como Haribodhini, Prabhodini o Devotthani).
El primero mes es Sravana (Julio – Agosto) y no se deberia comer espinacas o vegetales de hojas verde similares a espinacas.
El segundo mes es Bhadra (Agosto – Setiembre) y no se deberia comer yogurt.
El tercero mes es Asvina (Setiembre – Octubre) y no se deberia tomar leche. Dulces hechos de la leche se pueden comer.
El cuarto mes va desde Asvina Sukla Dasami hasya Kartik Shukla Dwadashi (Otubre – Noviembre) y no se deberia comer dahl y vegetales que contiene muchas semillas.

A pesar que la importancia de Caturmasya es menudo amarrada al logro de beneficios materiales, como tranferirse a planetas superiores, los Vaisnavas los pratican seriamente.
Srila Prabhupada dice que Carturmasya Vrata, o el voto de seguir Caturmasya, deberia ser respectado por todos, no importa si brahmacari, grihastha, vanaprastha o sannyasi.
Srila Jiva Gosvami, en su Carturmasya-mahatmya of the Skanda Purana, dice:
tatha caivottamam loke
tapah sri-hari-kirtanam
kalau yuge visesena
visnu-prityai samacaret
“La penitencia mas perfecta que de debe praticar en este mundo es el canto de los nombre de Sri Hari. Especialmente en esta epoca de Kali, uno puede satisfacer el Senor Supremo Visnu a traves de el sankirtana.”
Cantar todas la propia rondas y desminuir activiades materiales son particularmente importante durante este periodo.
Si uno sigue todas las reglas de Caturmasya pero no canta los nombres de Radha Krishna esto vrata no sirve a nada.

Hay numerosos votos que los Vaisnavas toman para Caturmasya. Por ejemplo no se deberia comer otros alimentos que no se he mencionado aqui, como berenjena, tomate y otros. Tambien el devoto no se deberia afeitar ni el pelos ni la barba.
Sin embargo los devotos son supuesto obedecer a las istrucciones de sus propios Gurus sobre cual vratas observar, que dependen de circumstancias.
Todos lo que estan a la India durante este periodo serian obligado a seguir Caturmasya en todos los detalles.

Srila Sanatana Gosvami en su Hari Bhakti Vilasa descrive la importancia de seguir Caturmasya y como seguirlo.

Hare Krishna
Su bienquiriente
Manonatha Dasa (ACBSP)

Sitio: www.isvara.org

There are many items that are not allowed during Caturmasya, such as leafy vegetables in the first month, yogurt in the second month, milk in the third month, and mustard oil in the fourth month.

Besides this, throughout all four months, tomatoes, eggplants, and several other foodstuffs are prohibited.

primo mese di caturmasya comincia

“The Caturmasya period begins in the month of Ashadha (June-July) from the day of Ekadasi called Sayana-ekadasi, in the fortnight of the waxing moon. The period ends in the month of Kartika (October-November) on the Ekadasi day known as Utthana-ekadasi, in the fortnight of the waxing moon. This four-month period is known as Caturmasya.

Some Vaishnavas also observe it from the full-moon day of Ashadha until the full-moon day of Kartika. That is also a period of four months. This period, calculated by the lunar months, is called Caturmasya, but others also observe Caturmasya according to the solar month from Sravana to Kartika. .

The whole period, either lunar or solar, takes place during the rainy season.

Caturmasya should be observed by all sections of the population. It does not matter whether one is a grihastha or a sannyasi. The observance is obligatory for all asramas. The real purpose behind the vow taken during these four months is to minimize the quantity of sense gratification. This is not very difficult.

In the month of Sravana one should not eat spinach,

in the month of Bhadra one should not eat yogurt, and in the month of Asvina one should not drink milk.

One should not eat fish or other nonvegetarian food during the month of Kartika. A nonvegetarian diet means fish and meat.

Similarly, masura dal and urad dal are also considered nonvegetarian.

These two dals contain a great amount of protein, and food rich in protein is considered nonvegetarian. On the whole, during the four-month period of Caturmasya one should practice giving up all food intended for sense enjoyment.

(A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Sri Chaitanya Charitamrita. Madhya-lila 4.169. purport.)

Note:
Urja vrata – means restricting eating.
The term “spinach” in India refers to green leafy vegetables of that nature.
The yogurt fast is fasting from eating yogurt by itself. Yogurt used as a binding agent for cake is not included.
Milk fast means refrain from drinking milk. Milk sweets, milk by-products are okay.

In the fourth (last) month, Ashvin Shukla Dashami to Kartik Shukla Dwadashi one should not partake dicotyledon grains (grains breaking in two parts) like gram, tur urad, masur etc., Similarly, one should not eat fruits or vegetables containing lot of seeds. This also applies to tubors as ordained.

Thus reason for making a list of prohibited items seperately for each of the four months is in the nature of dietary discipline, and declared as daily regimen (“Nityavrata”) by the scriptures.

During Festivals of the Lord (ie Balaram’s App, Sri Krishna Janmastami, Radhastami, etc) all preparations are offered to the Lord and chaturmasya vrata of restrictive honouring of even foods in the above categories does not apply. (yes one can honour Urid dal kachoris that have been offered to Srila Prabhupad on his Tirubhav)

Also during the Purushottam Adika masa there is no observance of chaturmasya.

Chaturmasya means “four months”, which is the duration that Vishnu sleeps.

Ekadasi, Asadha 11 (July 20, 2002). The time the Vishnu goes to sleep for four months.
Naga Panchami, Sravana 5 (Aug 12, 2002). The cobras are appeased at this festival, which is dedicated to the serpent Ananta (aka Sesha?), on whose coils Vishnu rested when he created the universe.
“Vishnu lies on Ananta”, Bhadra 14 (Sept 19, 2002). Celebration of Vishnu lying on the cobra Ananta. [same as Sharad Purnima?] “Vishnu wakes”. eleven days after new moon in [Agrahayana]. Vishnu wakes.

traduzione letterale

चातुर्मास्य cAturmAsya adj. belonging to such sacrifices
चातुर्मास्य cAturmAsya n. beginning of a season of 4 months

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